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用php通过SMTP来发邮件
点击数:415647更新时间:2014-06-27 10:42

  php 的 mail() 函数为广大用户在线发邮件提供了很大的便利,但mail()函数有一个非常大
的问题是它必须要有一台无需SMTP验证就可以发信的邮件服务器的支持,但如果一台邮件服
务器无需SMTP验证的话,就意味着互联网上的任何人都可以通过这台服务器来发垃圾邮件,
而垃圾邮件是国家明令禁止的,所以,为了杜绝有些人利用mail()函数来发垃圾邮件,我司的
服务器不支持mail()函数,同时,我们提供了相应的解决方案,有开发能力的用户可以利用PHP
的socket操作函数来自己开发邮件发送程序,如果没有相应有开发能力,也可以使用我们提供
的以下代码来发送邮件。

我们的解决方案中共用到两个页面,其中 smtp.class.php 是核心类文件,一般不需要作修改,
mailtest.php 是调用的例子,您只要将这个文件里相应的变量的值给改一下就可以变成您要用
的程序了。


smtp.class.php
=====================================================================================================================

<?
set_time_limit(120);

class smtp
{

/* Public Variables */

var $smtp_port;

var $time_out;

var $host_name;

var $log_file;

var $relay_host;

var $debug;

var $auth;

var $user;

var $pass;

var $sender;

/* Private Variables */
var $sock;

/* Constractor */

function smtp($relay_host = "", $smtp_port = 25,$auth = false,$user,$pass,$sender)
{
 $this->debug = FALSE;

 $this->smtp_port = $smtp_port;

 $this->relay_host = $relay_host;

 $this->time_out = 30; //is used in fsockopen()

 $this->auth = $auth;//auth

 $this->user = $user;

 $this->pass = $pass;

 $this->sender = $sender;

 $this->host_name = "localhost"; //is used in HELO command
 
 $this->log_file = "";

 $this->logs = ""; //记录跟服务器的交互过程

 $this->sock = FALSE;
}

/* Main Function */

function sendmail($to, $from, $subject = "", $body = "", $mailtype, $cc = "", $bcc = "", $additional_headers = "")
{
 $sent = TRUE;
 
 $mail_from = $this->get_address($this->strip_comment($from));

 $body = ereg_replace("(^|(\r\n))(\.)", "\1.\3", $body);

 $header .= "MIME-Version:1.0\r\n";

 if($mailtype=="HTML"){

  $header .= "Content-Type:text/html\r\n";
 }

 $header .= "To: ".$to."\r\n";

 if ($cc != "") {

  $header .= "Cc: ".$cc."\r\n";

 }

 //$header .= "From: $from<".$from.">\r\n";

 $header .= "From: ".$from."\r\n";

 $header .= "Subject: ".$subject."\r\n";

 $header .= $additional_headers;

 $header .= "Date: ".date("r")."\r\n";

 $header .= "X-Mailer: 72e.net (PHP/".phpversion().")\r\n";

 list($msec, $sec) = explode(" ", microtime());

 $header .= "Message-ID: <".date("YmdHis", $sec).".".($msec*1000000).".".$mail_from.">\r\n";

 $TO = explode(",", $this->strip_comment($to));

 if ($cc != "") {

  $TO = array_merge($TO, explode(",", $this->strip_comment($cc)));

 }

 if ($bcc != "") {

  $TO = array_merge($TO, explode(",", $this->strip_comment($bcc)));

 }

 
 foreach ($TO as $rcpt_to) {

  $rcpt_to = $this->get_address($rcpt_to);

  if (!$this->smtp_sockopen($rcpt_to)) {

   $this->log_write("Error: Cannot send email to ".$rcpt_to."\n");

   $sent = FALSE;

   continue;

     }

  if ($this->smtp_send($this->host_name, $mail_from, $rcpt_to, $header, $body)) {

   $this->log_write("E-mail has been sent to <".$rcpt_to.">\n");

  } else {

   $this->log_write("Error: Cannot send email to <".$rcpt_to.">\n");

   $sent = FALSE;

  }

  fclose($this->sock);

  $this->log_write("Disconnected from remote host\n");

 }

 return $sent;

}

 

/* Private Functions */

 

function smtp_send($helo, $from, $to, $header, $body = "")
{

 if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("HELO", $helo)) {

  return $this->smtp_error("sending HELO command");

 }

 #auth

 if($this->auth){

  if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("AUTH LOGIN", base64_encode($this->user))) {

   return $this->smtp_error("sending AUTH command");

  }

  if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("", base64_encode($this->pass))) {

   return $this->smtp_error("sending AUTH command");

  }

 }

 #

 //if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("MAIL", "FROM:".$from."")) {
    if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("MAIL", "FROM:<".$this->sender.">")) {
 
  return $this->smtp_error("sending MAIL FROM command");

 }

 if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("RCPT", "TO:<".$to.">")) {

  return $this->smtp_error("sending RCPT TO command");

 }

 if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("DATA")) {

  return $this->smtp_error("sending DATA command");

 }

 if (!$this->smtp_message($header, $body)) {

  return $this->smtp_error("sending message");

 }

 if (!$this->smtp_eom()) {

  return $this->smtp_error("sending <CR><LF>.<CR><LF> [EOM]");

 }

 if (!$this->smtp_putcmd("QUIT")) {

  return $this->smtp_error("sending QUIT command");

 }

 return TRUE;

}

function smtp_sockopen($address)
{

 if ($this->relay_host == "") {

  return $this->smtp_sockopen_mx($address);

 } else {

  return $this->smtp_sockopen_relay();

 }
}

function smtp_sockopen_relay()
{
 $this->log_write("Trying to ".$this->relay_host.":".$this->smtp_port."\n");

 $this->sock = @fsockopen($this->relay_host, $this->smtp_port, $errno, $errstr, $this->time_out);

 if (!($this->sock && $this->smtp_ok())) {

  $this->log_write("Error: Cannot connenct to relay host ".$this->relay_host."\n");

  $this->log_write("Error: ".$errstr." (".$errno.")\n");

  return FALSE;

 }

 $this->log_write("Connected to relay host ".$this->relay_host."\n");

 return TRUE;
}

function smtp_sockopen_mx($address)
{

 $domain = ereg_replace("^.+@([^@]+)$", "\1", $address);

 if (!@getmxrr($domain, $MXHOSTS)) {

  $this->log_write("Error: Cannot resolve MX \"".$domain."\"\n");

  return FALSE;

 }

 foreach ($MXHOSTS as $host) {

  $this->log_write("Trying to ".$host.":".$this->smtp_port."\n");

  $this->sock = @fsockopen($host, $this->smtp_port, $errno, $errstr, $this->time_out);

  if (!($this->sock && $this->smtp_ok())) {

   $this->log_write("Warning: Cannot connect to mx host ".$host."\n");

   $this->log_write("Error: ".$errstr." (".$errno.")\n");

   continue;

  }

  $this->log_write("Connected to mx host ".$host."\n");

  return TRUE;

 }

 $this->log_write("Error: Cannot connect to any mx hosts (".implode(", ", $MXHOSTS).")\n");

 return FALSE;

}

 

function smtp_message($header, $body)
{
 fputs($this->sock, $header."\r\n".$body);

 $this->smtp_debug("> ".str_replace("\r\n", "\n"."> ", $header."\n> ".$body."\n> "));

 return TRUE;
}

 

function smtp_eom()
{
 fputs($this->sock, "\r\n.\r\n");

 $this->smtp_debug(". [EOM]\n");

 return $this->smtp_ok();
}

 

function smtp_ok()
{
 $response = str_replace("\r\n", "", fgets($this->sock, 512));

 //echo "response=".$response."\r\n";

 $this->smtp_debug($response."\n");

 //echo "ereg 23 ==".ereg("^[23]", $response)."\n";

 if (!ereg("^[23]", $response)) {

  //echo "@@@@@";

  fputs($this->sock, "QUIT\r\n");

  fgets($this->sock, 512);

  $this->log_write("Error: Remote host returned \"".$response."\"\n");

  return FALSE;

 }

 return TRUE;
}

function smtp_putcmd($cmd, $arg = "")
{
 if ($arg != "") {

  if($cmd=="") $cmd = $arg;

  else $cmd = $cmd." ".$arg;

 }

 fputs($this->sock, $cmd."\r\n");

 $this->smtp_debug("> ".$cmd."\n");

 //echo "cmd=".$cmd."\r\n";

 return $this->smtp_ok();
}

function smtp_error($string)
{
 $this->log_write("Error: Error occurred while ".$string.".\n");

 return FALSE;
}

function log_write($message)
{
 $this->logs .= $message;
 
 $this->smtp_debug($message);

 if ($this->log_file == "") {

  return TRUE;
 }

 $message = date("M d H:i:s ").get_current_user()."[".getmypid()."]: ".$message;

 if (!@file_exists($this->log_file) || !($fp = @fopen($this->log_file, "a"))) {

  $this->smtp_debug("Warning: Cannot open log file \"".$this->log_file."\"\n");

  return FALSE;
 }

 flock($fp, LOCK_EX);

 fputs($fp, $message);

 fclose($fp);

 return TRUE;
}


function strip_comment($address)
{
 $comment = "\([^()]*\)";

 while (ereg($comment, $address)) {

  $address = ereg_replace($comment, "", $address);

 }

 return $address;
}


function get_address($address)
{
 $address = ereg_replace("([ \t\r\n])+", "", $address);

 $address = ereg_replace("^.*<(.+)>.*$", "\1", $address);

 return $address;
}

function smtp_debug($message)

{

 if ($this->debug) {

  echo $message;

 }

}

} // end class
?>

mailtest.php
=====================================================================================================================
<?
include "smtp.class.php";
$smtpserver = "mail.domain.net"; //您的smtp服务器的地址
$port = 25 ; //smtp服务器的端口,一般是 25
$smtpuser = "test@domain.net"; //您登录smtp服务器的用户名
$smtppwd = "test"; //您登录smtp服务器的密码
$mailtype = "HTML"; //邮件的类型,可选值是 TXT 或 HTML ,TXT 表示是纯文本的邮件,HTML 表示是 html格式的邮件
$sender = "test@domain.net"; //发件人,一般要与您登录smtp服务器的用户名($smtpuser)相同,否则可能会因为smtp服务器的设置导致发送失败
$smtp  =   new smtp($smtpserver,$port,true,$smtpuser,$smtppwd,$sender);
$smtp->debug = true; //是否开启调试,只在测试程序时使用,正式使用时请将此行注释
$to = "abc@21cn.com"; //收件人
$subject = "你好";
$body = "<h1>这是一个用 <font color='red'><b> php socket </b></font> 发邮件的测试。
   支持SMTP认证!</h1>
";
$send=$smtp->sendmail($to,$sender,$subject,$body,$mailtype);
if($send==1){
   echo "邮件发送成功";
}else{
   echo "邮件发送失败<br>";
   echo "原因:".$this->smtp->logs;
}
?>
         

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